Created: 30th August 2021
Update:  30th August 2021
Notes: Adiabene, capital Arbela (modern Erbil), also called Assyria by some ancients.
The Arbela chronicle gives names of some rulers but is very unreliable and not used here.
Note that king Abdissares is no longer considered a king of Sophene, but of Adiabene.
Literature Callatay F. de: "Abdissarès L'Adiabénien", in Iraq, Vol. 58, 1996, p.135-145
Eder, Walter and Renger, Johannes: "Brill's Chronologies of the Ancient World , New Pauly Names, Dates and Dynasties", New Pauly Supplement I,Leiden, 2007, p.93-94
Grabowski, Maciej: "Abdissares of Adiabene and the Batas-Herir Relief", in Światowit. Annual of the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw 9, 2011, p.117–40
Luther, Andreas: "Das Königreich Adiabene zwischen Parthern und Römern", in Ernst Baltrusch, Julia Wilker (Hrsg.): "Amici – socii – clientes? Abhängige Herrschaft im
Imperium Romanum", Berlin, 2015, p.275-300
Marciak Michal: "Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West", Leiden, The Netherlands, 2017, 
p.344-418 (chapter 9 Political History of Adiabene)
Marciak, Michal and Wojcikowski, Robert S.: "Images of Kings of Adiabene : Numismatic and Sculptural Evidence", in IRAQ, vol.78, 2016. p.79–101
Sullivan, Richard D.: "Near Eastern Royalty and Rome 100-30 BC", University of Toronto Press 1990, section on Adiabene, p.107-108
Teixidor, J.: "The Kingdom of Adiabene and Hatra" in Berytus 17 1967-68 p.1-11 (NOT AVAILABLE TO ME)
Changes 2021.08.30 initial version
Abdissar (Abdissares)
1st attested king of Adiabene
c.164 BC
conquered by Parthia 145/141
later kings were vassals of Parthia
king of Adiabene 69 BC
ally of Tigranes II of Armenia
king of Adiabene after 30 BC
fled to Augustus
Izates I
king of Adiabene from 35/25 BC
M678 RE1 H47 RE Helene6
Monobazos I Bazaeus ~ Helena
king of Adiabene c.5 BC-30 AD queen of Adiabene c.30-
ruled at least 35 years converted to Judaism
coin dated to 20/21 AD mention 44/46
† shortly after Izates II
M679 RE2 eldest son   J891 RE2 M677 RE3
Monobazos II       Izates II Monobazos Kenedaios
king of Adiabene 59/60- ?? ruler of Gordyene under his father relative of Monobazos II relative of Monobazos II
or c.55-c.70 king of Adiabene c.36-59/60 or c.30-c.55 or 33/34-58 fought for jews 66 fought for jews 66
converted to Judaism ruled 24 years, lived 55 years † 66 killed in battle † 66 killed in battle
mention c.62 converted to Judaism, received Nisibis (Mygdonia) from Parthians,
~ Symacho (Samachos), daughter of Abinergaos I, king of Characene
hostages of Rome 70 
Mebarsapes (Mehasarpes)
king of Adiabene attested 114/115
Roman province of Assyria established 116/117
king of Adiabene 
supported Pescennius Niger c. 192–194 
defeated by Septimius Severus 195
’tlw (Attalos)
king of Adiabene 
1st half 3rd century,
only known from statue
king of Nōdšīragān [Adiabene]
mention 262
brother of Shapur I Shahanshah Iran 242-270 (or 272)
see stemma of Sasanids
Ardashir II
king of Adiabene 344-376
Shahanshah Iran 379-383
brother of Shapur II Shahanshah Iran 309-379
see stemma of Sasanids
no further kings of Adiabene known, only non-royal governors (marzban)