Gens: ANTONIUS  
Created: 12th October 2007
Update:  18th January 2014
Status Republic: Patrician: ?   Pleb. Nobilis: X     Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Family Republic Patrician ?? Merenda
Pleb. Nobilis no cognomen, Merenda ??
Senatorial Balbus
Equestrian n/a
Family Imperial Consular no cognomen, Albus, Balbus, Cassianus, Fuscus, Gordianus, Hiberus, Hiero, Pallas, Rufinus, Rufus, Saturninus, Zeno
Senatorial Flamma, Iuvenis, Lupus, Proculus ?
Equestrian Acutus, Alfenus, Cassianus, Fabianus, Felix, Firmus, Heraclitus, Iulianus, Naso, Rufus
Cos,Tr Cos, Dict, M Eq,Cens Republic: 7
Consuls Imperial: 18 incl. Antonius Seleucus, excl. Maecius Marullus
Notes: Patrician after Caesar's dictatorship. Antonius Merenda may be Patrician.
The family of the three Gordiani is based on Historia Augusta, which many scholars (incl Ronald Syme) believe is false. Thus Gordian I's parents, his wife Fabia Orestilla , his daughter's name Maecia Faustina
(should probably be Antonia) and the daughter's husband the consular Iunius Balbus Iunius may all be inventions to glorigy falsely his family.
Articles: K.D.Grasby: "The Age, Ancestry, and Career of Gordian I", in the Classical Quarterly, Vol.25, 1975, p.123-130 argueing that Gordian I was born c.178 and Gordian II thus not a consul before 138.
Changes Header restructured, major rework of stemma  plus many updates. The family of Antonius Zeno and Antonius Polemo have been split out into a separate stemma.
RE78
T.Antonius Merenda
Xvir consul 450-449
RE77
Q.Antonius T.f. Merenda
tr cos 422
RE26
M.Antonius
mag eq 334
RE33
Q.Antonius
legatus 190
RE18 not in RE RE27
A.Antonius L.Antonius M.Antonius
envoy 168 ca 150 tr pl 167
defended by Cato
 
M.Antonius M.f.
RE28
M.Antonius M.f.M.n. Orator
*143 pr 102 cos 99 cens 97 † 87
augur, orator and author
RE29 RE109 RE19 RE2 RE41
M.Antonius M.f.M.n. Creticus         Antonia         C.Antonius M.f.M.n. Hybrida M.Antonius Q.Antonius Balbus
pr 74 procos 73-71 vs Cretan pirates † 71 ransomed from pirates pr 66 cos 63 leg under Sertorius -72 pr by 83 propr Sardinia 82
1 ~ Numitoria, dt of Macedon 62-60 † 82 killed
Q.Numitorius Pullus from Fregellae exile 59-44, cens 42
2 ~ 87 Iulia, sister to L.Iulius Caesar cos 64
       
RE30 2 RE20 2 RE23 2 RE111   RE108 RE110 RE3
M.Antonius M.f.M.n.     C.Antonius M.f.M.n.   L.Antonius M.f.M.n. Pietas Antonia   Antonia       Antonia D.Antonius
*83 q 51 mag eq 48-47 pr urb 44 † 42 exc q 50 tr pl 44 cos 41 † 40       envoy 51
cos 44 34 31 † 30  pont ca 45 procos Hisp 40 ~ P.Vatinius ~ L.Caninius Gallus 1 ~ P.Cornelius Lentulus
augur 50 IIIvir RPC 44-33 cos suff 47 cos 37 cos 57, divorced c.65
flam divi Iuli 40
1~Fadia dt of Q.Fadius    2 ~ M.Antonius IIIVIR
2~Antonia, his cousin her cousin, divorced 47
3~46 Fulvia Bambaliae
4~ ca 39 Octavia div 32
5~ CLEOPATRA VII
2 3 3 4 4 5 twins 5 5
  RE112 RE32 A800 RE22 A884 RE113 A885 RE114 A495 RE A28 C1148 RE Kleo 23 P1033 RE Pt 38 P533 RE126 FOS623
Antonia         M.Antonius Iullus Antonius M.f.   Antonia maior     Antonia minor     Alexander Helios Kleopatra Selene   Ptolemaeus Philadelphus Polla An(tonia?)
* 54/49 †  a 30 Antyllus * 43 pr 13 cos 10  * 39 † ca 38 AD ANTONIA AUGUSTA * 40 * 40 * 36, mentioned 34
* 46 † 30 exc.  † 2 BC exc *36 † 37 AD ment 30 Queen of Cyrene 34 ~ Q.Fabricius cos 2 BC
44-37 ~ M.Lepidus (engaged) sacerdos, augur ? ~L.Domitius 16 ~ Nero Claudius 20 ~ Juba II of Mauretania
? ~34 Pythodorus of Tralles ~Marcella dt of Ahenobarbus cos 16 Drusus cos 9
see stemma Antonius Zeno Octavia
A801 sub A800 FOS78   A802 RE24 A886 PIR addenda RE94a P1025 RE Pt 62 D196 A828 RE54 liberti A858 RE84
Iullus Antonius (Antonia) Iulla   L.Antonius Antonia A.Antonius Rufus Ptolemaeus   Drusilla ~ 1 (M) Antonius Felix   (M. Antonius) Pallas
† young † young † 25 AD in exile dt of CLAUDIUS cos suff 45 † 40 exc. procurator Judaea 52-60 † 62 exc
at Massilia see Claudius K of Mauretania 23-40 or maybe slave of Antonia minor 31
exiled 2 BC ~Iulia  Urania Ti.Claudius Felix ornamenta praetoria 52
i710 2  ~ Drusilla, dt of a rationibus 52-55 (Minister of finance)
Herodes Agrippa I
? 1 2
A831 RE57 PIR addenda I Eph 614b AE 1979-565 A890 RE120 FOS77 A889 RE118 A809 RE34a   A843 A846 RE68 A855 RE81 A854 RE80
M.? Antonius Flamma L.Antonius Rufinus M.Antonius M.f. Albus L.Antonius Antonia A.f. Furnilla Antonia   (Antonius) Agrippa M.Antonius Iulianus Antonius Natalis L.Antonius M.f. Naso
exiled 70 for extortion procur Vespasian trib Fabia, priest of Artemis procos Maced Clementiana † 79 at procur Iudaea 70 eques Romanus 65 tr praet 69
during governorship of inscription c.50 at Ephesus sub Vespasian ~ Q.Marcius Barea Sura Vesuvius Piso conspiracy procur Pontus et
Creta et Cyrene ~ Laevia L.f. Paula (L74) ?= A854 or A874 son of cos suff 34 (M219) Bithynia 78
trib Fab.
    A874 RE96   A866 RE89
(Antonia)     M.Antonius (Antonius Albus) L.Antonius Saturninus (L.Anneius) M.Antonius Primus
Gemellus cos suff 82 * c.30/35 from Tolosa
~ Sestius Pollio priest Cyrene 56/7 63 78 ? Judaea 78-81 leg leg 69 insignia consulari
Germ Sup ment 95/98
rebelled 88 † exc c 89
RE35a PIR addenda A832a RE58a A620 RE6 A805 RE90 A893 RE126a FOS80
L.Antonius Albus Cn.Antonius Fuscus L.Anneius L.f.Domitius  M.Antonius Primus Antonia Postuma
cos suff 102 cos suff 109 Proculus son of senator 118
descended from pronepos of Antonius Felix ministrant of Arvals ~ T.Porcius Rufianus
M.Antonius Albus from Ephesus leg leg XXII pg 100/150
A868 RE92 RE36 A810 A836/A837 RE63 A840/A841 RE65 A819 RE44 A887 FOS76 RE125 A895 FOS79 A826 RE48 A897 RE127
Maecius Faustinus M.Antonius Rufinus L.Antonius L.f.Albus M.Antonius Hiberus Q.Antonius Isauricus Q.Antonius Cassius Cassianus Antonia Agrippina Antonia Cn.f. Picentina (L.Antonius) M.Antonius M.f. Fabianus M.Antonius Crispus Antonia Prisca
panhellene and rhetor cos 131 frat Arv 111/112-150 cos 133 leg Aug VI Vic at York consularis ca 150 prietsess of Faustian trib Fabia ment in senate 139
procos Achaia 127/128 leg aug Moesia Inf  cos suff 142/144 related to Ti. Licinius Cassius descendent of Antonius ment ca 140/161 procur quadragesimae Galliarum et portus ~ Q.Antistius
cos suff 132 137-140/1 ~ Sosia Iuncina Cassianus frat Arv 145 Felix by 2nd wife ? ~ C.C[laudius] Secudus (C3) procur argentarium in Pannonia ab Thibilis in Numdia
procos Asia 147/148 S564 ~ senator a praetorius c.118/161 (Hadrian/Pius)
?
M56 RE Maecius 15 N18 RE128 A847 A794 RE69 PIR addenda A818 RE42 AE1983-917 A859 RE85 FOS75 A898 RE129 FOS81 A845 RE67 RE24 A754
Maecius Marullus Naevia Antonia M.f. Rufina M.Antonius Iuvenis Axius M[..] Antonius Post(umus) P.Antonius Cassianus Antonius Hierocles Marcellinus M.Antonius Pallas (Antonia)       Antonia L.f.Saturnina C.Antonius Iulianus Q.Antistius Adventus
cos suff ? clar fem cos suff c.181 epistratego 163 procur Aug Numidia 175 ab Ephesus 167+169 cos suf 167 procur portorii publici Postumus Aquilinus
probably false ? RE128 only Antonia Rufina frat Arv 183 186 193 father of senator descendent of Pallas ex 62 ~ C.Arrius Antoninus ~ C.Arrius Pacatus in Pann Sup? cos suf 166/167
~ Ulpia Gordiana curator operum publicum 183 (RE1a) grandfather of consul A1089 A1102 after 161
friend of CARACALLA (or his son?)
RE61 A833 A816 A806 A808
M.Antonius Gordianus Antonius Balbus Antonius […lius] Antonius Aelianus RE192b A1578
IMP CAESAR M. ANTONIUS GORDIANUS nobilis leg pro pr Cilicia procur "ad Mercurium" 188 Aurelius Polemo
SEMPRONIANUS ROMANUS AFRICANUS AUG. † 197 k by Septimius Severus 198/209 ab Cibyra ?, late 2nd century
* 159 † 238 suicide ~ Claudia Tlepolemis
Brit Inf c.216 cos suff c.222 C1128
procos Africa 237/238 , IMP 238 for 3 weeks
~ Fabia Orestilla dt of Annius Severus
A834 RE62   M64 RE Maecius 25 RE40 A817 RE96a i154 A873 RE95a A876 A804 RE99 RE31 A830 RE56 A842 RE66a  A878 RE100a A852
M.Antonius Gordianus II         Maecia Faustina M.Antonius Balbus (Iulius?) Antonius Seleucus Antonius Sabinus M.Antonius Severianus L.Antonius L.f. Firmus Ant(onius?) Iulianus Antonius Silvanus Alfenus  M.Antonius Moschianus
IMP CAESAR M. ANTONIUS GORDIANUS † by 241 patronus of Canusium 223 cos suff procur Maur Caesar 215 vir clar trib Tro. or Antius vir egreg Modestus Ulpianus
SEMPRONIANUS ROMANUS AFRICANUS AUG. ~ Iunius Licinius Balbus cos suff ante 217 Syria Coele 221 sodalis Augustalis Claudialis procur Aug Dalmatia procur in Illyricum asiarch epistrategus Heptanomiae
* c.192 † 238 killed in battle   IMP 238 cos suff, † by 238 Cilicia 198/209 ? = Iulius Antonius Seleucus 210-225 ~ Antonia Primigenia for tolls 227 ex-procurator honoured Caracalla 
pr urb, cos suff 226 or 229 Moesia Inf (i154) A896 with status at Ephesus 212/3
leg of father in Africa, pontifex
A835 RE60   ? RE47 A823 A850/A851 RE75 RE76 A861 A875 RE98 RE51 A825 A827 RE53 RE46 A821  
M.Antonius Gordianus III           Gordiana Balba M.Antonius Crispinus M.Antonius Mem(mius Hiero) Antonius Philoxenus Antonius Septimius Heraclitus L.Antonius Exspectatus M.Antonius Fe[lix?] T.Ant(onius) Cl(audius) Alfenus Arignotus
IMP CAESAR M. ANTONIUS GORDIANUS AUG. patronus of Canusium 223 cos suff an inc vir egreg, procur Aegyp vir egreg coopted 225-229 into trib Qui. Eques Romanus
* 224/5 † 244 killed clar vir leg Aug Cappadocia  c.240 procur Sardinia 252-253 sodalis Augustalis and Claudialis procur aug areae Livianae
IMP 238 cos 239 241 sub Philippus 244/249 ~ Aurelia Apiana Diodora son of Septimius Heraclitus sub Caracalla
241 ~ Furia Sabinia Tranquillina, dt of  who was praef Aegyp 215
C.Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesetheus, PP 241
?   A811 A881 RE103
(Furia) Gordiana   Antonius Alexander M.Antonius Vitellianus
procur Augusti in 1st year of vir egreg
reign of unknown emperor paron of Canusium
3rd century ? epistrategus Heptanomiae 253-256
or another wit same name
UNKNOWN DATE IMPERIAL
A849 RE72 A832 RE58 RE101a A856 RE82 A871 RE95 A814 RE38
T.Antonius T.f. Martialis Antonius Fronto Salvianus Antonius Taurus M.Antonius Navillus Asiaticus C.Antonius Rufus Antonius Arrianus
Pudentianus q urb, aedil cerealis desig ducenarius vir egreg, trib Qui. procur Aug of Noricum clar iuvenis
q Africa, tr pl,  pr, leg pro pr Africa ? procur Dalmatia procur Aug (Maur Ting ?)
2nd or 3rd century ~ Aelia Saturnina 3rd century
A807 RE55 A829 RE93 A872 PIR addenda
"Antonius Acutus" Antonius Felix Magnus M.Antonius Rufinus Antonius Sabin(…) Q.Antonius Granius Erasinus
praef Annonae clar puer clar vir pr procur Baetica and Lusitania
a misreading of name ? = A827 above patron of Abellinum
see PIR qaddenda cf cos 131 above