Gens: IULIUS, ROYAL HOUSE OF CAPPADOCIA
Created: 3rd November 2014
Update:  7th January 2015
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian Archelaus
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors 0
Imperial Consuls and Emperors 0 incl. 0 emperors
Notes: Philopatris = "love of country", Philorhomaios = "friend of Rome", Ktistes = "founder", Philadelphos = "lover of brother", Philopator = "lover of father", Eusebes = "pious"
Articles Sullivan, Richard D.: "Near Eastern Royalty and Rome 100-30 BC", University of Toronto Press 1990, sections on Cappadocia (pp.51-58 and 174-185) with stemma 4 at bookend.
Sullivan, Richard D.: "The Dynasty of Cappadocia", in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, Bd.II,7.2, 1980, pp.1125-1168 with stemma opposite p.1136
Changes 20-11-2014: added Melas, a possible relative of Archelaus I.
18-12-2014: minor additions, eg. new reference, notes added and a comment to the brothers Archelaus and Neoptolemos. Athenais' birthyear corrected from 77 to 85 (aged 4).
29-12-2014: added Nysa, dt of Ariarathes VI and another Nysa, probable dt of Ariarathes V.
7-1-2015: added rulers/kings previous to Ariarathes IV
RE1
Ariamnes
dynast of Cappadocia
mid 4th century BC
 
RE1  
Ariarathes I     Orophernes  
Satrap of Cappadocia  (or Olophernes)
† c.322 aged 82, exc by
Perdiccas  
RE2  
Ariarathes II
ruler  of Cappadocia c.280-c.255
adopted by uncle
 
RE2  
Ariamnes  
ruler of Cappadocia c.255-c.225
 
RE3  
Ariarathes III
King of Cappadocia c.255/225-c.220
co-regent with his father
1st indep king of Cappadocia
~ Stratonice, dt of  Antiochus II, King of Syria
† c.220
 
RE4  
Ariarathes IV Eusebes
King of Cappadocia c.220-c.163
~ Antiochis, dt. of  Antiochus III, The Great, King of Syria
 
RE5   RE11 RE11
Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator Olophernes     Stratonice   Mithridates V Euergetes 
King c.163-130 King 158/157 King of Pontus c.152/1-120
claimant c.160-c.155 (1) ~ Eumenes II, King of Pergamon 197-159
~ Nysa (RE2) (2) ~ Attalus II, King of Pergamon 159-138
   
RE6   ? RE35 RE28 RE12   RE5
Ariarathes VI Ephiphanes Philopator Demetrius   Nysa   Laodice           Mithridates VI Eupator   see Pontus Ariobarzanes I Philorhomaios
King 130-111 (or 116) † a 130 * c.140 King of Pontus 120-63 for rest of King of Cappadocia 96/5-63/2
assassinated by Mithridates VI older brother ~ Nicomedes III dynasty King with 5-6 interruptions
~ Laodice, dt of K of Bithynia (1) ~ Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia abdicated in favour of son
Mithridates V Euergetes of Pontus 128/7-94 <== ~ Athenais Philostorgos I
==> c.102/1 (2) ~ Nicomedes III of Bithynia, King 128/7-c.94
     
RE7   RE8 RE3 RE12 RE8 RE9   RE6  
Ariarathes VII Philometer   Ariarathes VIII       Nysa   Archelaus   Neoptolemos Ariarathes IX     Athenais   81 ~  Ariobarzanes II Philopator
King 111 (or 116) -c.100 King c.100-c.97/6 general of general of King of Cappadocia Philostorgos II King of Cappadocia 63/2-52/1
assassinated by deposed by Mithridates VI ~ Nicomedes IV Mithridates VI Mithridates VI c.100-c.86 † * 85 murdered, possibly by wife
Mithridates VI ~ Nysa K of Bithynia 88-86 88-85 * c.108 ment 50 as regent
94-74 possibly descended from Mithridates VI for her son
   
RE14 RE13   RE7 RE10  
Berenice  IV  ~  Archelaus I          Diogenes Ariobarzanes III       Ariarathes X  
Queen of Egypt 58-55 priest-prince of officer of Eusebes Philorhomaios Eusebes Philadelphos
dt of Ptolemaios XIII Comana-Pontica 63-55 Mithridates VI King of Cappadocia 52/1-42 King of Cappadocia 42-36
† 55 killed  King of Egypt 6 months King of Armenia Minor 47-42 deposed and murdered by M.Antonius
† 55 killed by Gabinius murdered by Cassius
 
RE14  
Archelaus II
priest-prince of
Comana-Pontica 55-47
deposed by Caesar 47
~ Glaphyra
 
P531 P1114 RE1 RE15 A1023 M450 RE7a
Polemo I  ~ 1 Pythodoris  2 ~  Archelaus I Philopatris Ktistes                 brother Melas
† 8 BC † 23 AD also called Sisines dispute with ambassador to Herod from Archelaus I c.6BC
King of queen of King of Cappadocia 36 BC - 17 AD his brother called "dunastes", possibly a
Pontus of Pontus King of Armenia Minor + Ciclicia Tracheia (Cietis) 20 BC - 17 AD relative to Archelaus I, but the term could also
Cappadocia Roman province 17 AD just indicate a Cappadocian nobleman
Armenia Minor part of Roman province of Cappadocia 17-38
1 ~ ignota (of Armenia?)
 
A1024 G176
Archelaus II           Glaphyra (1) 18/17 BC ~  Alexander of Judaea (A498), † c.8 BC exc by father King Herod
King of Cietis in Cilicia ca. 19-36 (2) ~  Juba II, King of Mauretania (J65)
(3) ~  Archelaus of Judaea (A1025)
?
  1   1
AE 1968-508 T206   A499
Ti. Iulius Archelaus Tigranes V   Alexander
† 36 AD
 ~ Iulia Metrodora Basilissa,  King of Armenia
dt of Ti.Iulius Stratonices c.7-c.12 AD
 
T207  
Tigranes VI
King of Armenia 60-62
 
J48 J136 A500
Iulia Iotape  ~  C.Iulius Alexander
King of Cietis in Cilicia 72- sub Domitian
dt of Antiochus IV senator of Rome, cos suff c.105
King of Commagene
38-72