Gens: IULIUS ANTIOCHUS and ROYAL HOUSE OF COMMAGENE
Created: 24th October 2014
Update:  20th December 2014
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular Antiochus
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors 0
Imperial Consuls and Emperors 1 incl. 0 emperors
Notes: Antiochus III and his sisters could possibly be the children of Mithridates II. The existance of Mithridates (III) is very doubtful.
Kallinikos = "Gloriously Victorious", Philadelphos ="She who loves her brothers"
Articles Baslez, Marie-Francoise: "La famille de Philopappos de Commagène", in Dialogues d'histoire ancienne. Vol. 18, 1992. pp. 89-101.
Macurdy, Grace H.: "Iotape", in The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol.26, 1936, pp.40-42 idenbtifieds 5 different women named Iotape.
Settipani: Continuite Gentilice p.447-448 believes Mithridates III is the son of Mithridates II, who Antiochus II murdered in 29 BC. But Antiochus II was executed
by the Romans in 29 BC, so Antiochus II cannot have ruled until 20 BC.
Spawforth, A.J.S.: "Balbilla, the Euryclids and Memorials for a Greek Magnate", The Annual of the British School at Athens, Vol.73, 1978, pp.249-260 with stemma p.261
argues that another daughter of Antiochus IV married the Spartan C.Iulius Laco in 72, when the Commagene family were in Sparta after their deposal.
The son of Laco, Herculanus, is attested as cousin to Iulia Balbilla (J650).
Sullivan, Richard D.: "Near Eastern Royalty and Rome 100-30 BC", University of Toronto Press 1990, sections on Commagene (pp.59-62 and 193-198) with stemma 5 at bookend.
Sullivan, Richard D.: "The Dynasty of Commagene", in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, Bd.II,8, 1977, pp.732-798 with stemma opposite p.742
Changes 20141030:  The year when Antiochus III became king is not known (12 BC was based on a false premise), in reality only his year of death (17 AD) is certain. 
Iotape (i48) husband Alexander was king from 72 AD (not until 72) onwards.  The very uncertain Mithradates (II) (rex 92-70BC) deleted.
20141101: added (Iulia) daughter of Antiochus IV and her children, cf. article by Spawforth.. See also Settipani p.493.
20141220 added Sullivan's book as reference, added translation note, minor clarifications
RE50
Ptolemaios
epistates (governor) of Commagene c.170-163
King Commagene c.163-c.130
son of Xerxes I King of Armenia and Antiochis, dt of Antiochus III of Syria
 
RE1  
Samos II Theosebes Dikaios
King c.130-c.100/96
~ Pythadoris of Pontus
 
RE29  
Mithridates I Kallinikos
King c.100-92 or c.100-c.69
~ Laodice VII Thea Philadelphos, dt of Antiochus VIII Grypos
King of Syria 125-96
 
RE37  
Antiochus I Theos Philoromaios
* c.95 King c.69-c.36
Roman toga praetexta 59
~ Isias Philostorgos, dt of Ariobarzanes I, King of Cappadocia 95-63/62
 
M636 RE39 A740 RE38 ?
Mithridates II  Philoromaios Laodice     Antiochus (II) Epiphanes     Antiochis     Athenais         ignotus
Philhellenos † 38 † exc in Rome 29 princess princess † killed 20
King c.36-20 ~ Orodes II, King of usually counted as  ~ ignotus ~ Artavasdes I or shortly before
~ Laodice Parthia 57-37 Antiochus II, though never king King of Media Atropatene 56-31 by the king
  Client King of Sophene 30-20
  J44   M637 RE31  
Aka I of Commagene Iotape ~  Mithridates III   
princess King 20- an inc
† young 34 eng. to 
Alexander Helios,
son of Anthony
and Cleopatra  
A741 RE39  
Aka II of Commagene     Antiochus III       Iotape               Iotape
princess King an inc - 17 AD
~ Thrasyllus of Alexandria Commagene  ~ (C.Iulius) Sampsigeramus II ~ Antiochus III
Ti.Claudius Thrasyllus annexed by Rome 17-38 priest K of Emesa 14-44 her brother
astrologer of TIBERIUS ~ Iotape, his sister <==
† 36
   
C813 RE Claud 81+82 J149 RE40 RE Iulius 68 J47 RE Iotape 4
Ti. Claudius Balbillus Modestus C.Iulius Antiochus IV Ephipanes  ~ Iotape Philadelphos
praef Aegyp 55-59 King 38-72, also of Cietis † p.72
astrologer of Nero and Vespasian deposed when Rome 
† 79 annexed Commagene
   
C1086 J150 RE Iulius 66 J228 J48 RE Iotape 5
Balbilli filia   64 ~ C.Iulius Antiochus Epiphanes (Iulius) Callinicus Iulia Iotape             (Iulia)    
= Claudia Capitolina ment 69-72 ment  72
called himself king ~ C.Iulius Alexander (A500, i136) c.72 ~  C.Iulius Laco II
King of Cietis in Cilicia 72- sub Domitian patronomos 
senator of Rome, cos suff an inc eponymos of
son of Tigranes VI of Armenia Sparta (RE310)
   
J650 J151 RE Philopappus J302 RE221 RE311
Iulia Balbilla       C.Iulius C.f. Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappus  C.Iulius Laco f. Eurycles Herculanus   C.Iulius Laco III
poet cos suff 109, frater Arvalis 110 or 115 † a 118 L.Vibullius Pius 2 times patronomos
ment 130 trib Fabia, archon Athens c.a.87 * c.73 † 136/7. trib Fabia of Sparta
adlectus inter praetorios by Trajan q Achaia, tr pl, pr, leg Hisp Baetica, † a brother
leg leg III Gallica in Syria, 
patronomos of Sparta 115/6 or 116/7
adopted as heir by L.Vibullius Pius
from Corinth