Gens: KINGS OF JUDAEA          
Created: 7th December 2014
Update:  7th December 2014
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular Alexander, Berenicianus, plus King Agrippa I, who was awarded consular ormenata.
Senatorial Agrippa
Equestrian n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors 0
Imperial Consuls and Emperors 2 incl. 0 emperors
Notes: The Herodians incl. Herod the Great were Roman citizerns entitled to use the nomen Iulius, however Iulius was not normally used until later generations.
Antipas is the Idumaean form of Antipater.
Articles Ilan, Tal: "Julia Crispina, Daughter of Berenicianus, a Herodian Princess in the Babatha Archive: A CaseStudy in Historical Identification", in
The Jewish Quarterly Review, New Series, Vol. 82, 1992), pp.361-381, with stemmata on p.380-381
Kokkinos, Nikos: "The Herodian Dynasty", Spink, London reprint 2010
Sullivan, Richard D.: "The Dynasty of Judaea in the First Century", in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Rφmischen Welt, Bd.II,8, 1977, pp.296-354 with stemma opposite p.300
PIR Volume S: stemma at bookend
Changes
HASMONAEAN DYNASTY
RE1
Mattatias
† 166 BC
ruler of Judaea 167-166
took Jerusalem 167
 
  RE1 RE4 RE1
Ioannes   Simon Maccabaeus       Iudas Maccabaeus     Eleasar   Ionathan Maccabaeus
† 160 † 134 BC murdered by his ruler of Judaea 166-160 † 162 † 143 captured and exc.
son-in-law Ptolemaeus ruler of Judaea 160 (152)-143
ruler of Judaea 143-134 High Priest 152
140 hereditary ethnarchos
(high priest and commander)
 
  RE Joh 1a
Iudas       Mattathias       daughter       Johannes Hyrcanus I
† 134 BC murdered † 134 BC murdered † 104
by brother-in-law by brother-in-law ~ Ptolemaeus High Priest 135/134-105/4
Ptolemaeus Ptolemaeus
  HERODIAN DYNASTY
RE5 RE8 RE24   RE7
Iudas Aristoboulos I     Antigonos  Alexander Jannaeus Absalom   son Herod of Ascalon
King of Judaea 104-103 † 104 exc * 129 † 76
or 105-104 by brother King of Judaea 103-76
1 ~ Alexandra Salome ~ 2 Alexandra Salome
* 142 (RE2)
Queen of Judaea 76-67
     
RE2 eldest son RE6 youngest son     RE16  
Hyrcanus II         Aristoboulos II   ~ daughter Antipas (Antipater)
† 30 exc. by HEROD † 49 posoned by Pompeians † p.48 † c.70
King of Judaea 67 + 63-40 King of Judaea 67-63 governor (strategos) of Idumaea
High Priest 76-67 63-40 High Priest 67-63
mutilated 40
     
RE4   RE25 RE Ant 9   RE5 RE17  
Alexandra   ~ Alexander     Mattathias Antigonus Alexandra   (Iulius) Antipater       Phallion         Joseph     Alexas
† 28/7 exc  † 48 exc † 37 exc by Romans † 43 † 65/64 in battle † 34 exc. by HEROD from Idumaea
by HEROD ~ Alexandra King of Judaea 40-37 1 ~ Philippion son of strategos of Idumaea c.70 in the civil war ? strategos of Idumaea 47
~ Alexander cousin Ptolemaeus, K of Chalcis Roman citizen 47 ? epitropos 35/34
cousin 2 ~ Ptolemaeus, K of Chalcis epitropos of Judaea 48   1 ~ ignota 1 ~ ignota
killed his son Philippion ~ Cyprus of Arabia   2 ~ c.44 Salome, niece 2 ~ Salome, sister of HEROD
2   RE3 Phallion Kaboas   1   1 2 1  
  named on tomb   ?  
Soaemus ?   Achiabus       daughter               daughter ~ Alexas Calleas
        ment 28/7 and 5/4 BC not attested Idumaeans
      Antiochus   ~ 34 HEROD the Great
      † 22/23 AD or 74/75 AD
     
         
M278 RE7     cf RE2 H153 RE14   cf RE1 P347 RE1 S108 RE1 RE Helk 1 RE5  
Mariamne   Jonathan     daughter daughter Phaesal     HERODES THE GREAT       Iosephus           Pheroras                 Salome Alexas Helcias Doris     Theudion
* c.54/3 † 29/8 Aristoboulos III *  c.50/49 * c.77 † 40 * 72 † 5/4 BC * c.70 † 38 * c.65 † 7 BC * c.57 BC † 10 AD general of Agrippa I banished 37-c.14
* c.52/51 ~ Antipater strategos of strategos of Galilee 47 killed in battle tetrarch of Peraea c.20/19 1 ~ Iosephus, uncle ~ Cyprus, dt of last ment 7/6 BC ~ Berenice (B108)
~ 37 HEROD † 35 exc by HEROD ~ Pheroras son of Jerusalem 47 King of Judaea 40 (de iure)  1 ~ sister to Mariamne 2 ~ Costobarus, strategos of Antipater, son of Salome ~ 47 HEROD niece of HEROD
the Great High Priest brother of King HEROD King of Judaea 37 (de facto) - 5/4 BC wife of King HEROD Idumaea 37/36, †26 exc by HEROD the Great the Great
37-35 HEROD and Doris 1 ~ c.47 Doris => 2 ~ "slave-wife" 3 ~ Alexas, see above   ?
  2 ~ 37 Mariamne (M278) sister of Aristoboulos III   ?   2   2          
P345  RE2   3 ~ c.37 daughter of brother (Joseph?) J43 RE1 1 1   1 2 RE20   B108 RE7   J173 RE Helk 2  
Phasaelus   4 ~ c.34/33 daughter of uncle (Joseph?) Iosephus   daughter son son     son     daughter Antipater       Berenice     Cyprus Iulius Archelaus   Helcias Tryphon
* 47/46 5 ~ c.29/8 Mariamne (M275) dt of Simon son of not attested † s.p. † s.p. * 33/32 * 31/30 BC † 29 AD treasurer to
~ Salmpsio (S69) Boethus. Appointed high priest same time. ~ Olympias ~ HEROD ~ Roxanne ~ Salome ~ son of Antipater ~ Cyprus (C1646) 1 ~ Aristoboulus ~ 53 Mariamne (J681) Agrippa II
cousin 6 ~ 28 Malthace Samaritana (M118) † 5/4 BC cousin (O97) the Great cousin (R105) cousin (S109) cousin (A748) dt of HEROD the Great cousin (A1050) dt of Agrippa I ment 61/62
7 ~ 28/7 Cleopatra Hierosolymitana dt of HEROD dt of HEROD 2 ~ Theudion, brother
see sub cousin 8 ~ c.16 Pallas (P70) see sub cousin of Doris, 1st wife of HEROD
9 ~ c.16 Phaedra (P337)  
10 ~ c.16 (H)elpis (H57)                                
1 2 2 2 2 2   5 6 6 6 7 7 8 9 10   ? ?
A748 RE18 A498 A1050 RE8 S69 RE1 RE4 C1646 H155 RE15 A1025 RE25 A746 RE24 O97 H154 RE16 P354 P344 RE1 R105 RE7 S109 RE2 RE6  
Antipater     Alexander       Aristoboulos (Iulia) Salampsio filius     Cyprus     Herodes     Herodes Archelaus     Herodes Antipas   Olympias   Herodes   Philippus     Phasaelus   Roxanne   Salome Cyprus Costobarus Saulus
* c.46 † 5/4 BC * c.36 † c.8 BC exc. by * 35/34 * c.33 * c.31  * c.30/29 *c.28 † p.33 AD? * c.27 BC † p.20 AD * c.25 BC † p.39 AD * c.22BC * c.27BC * c.26 BC † 33 AD * c.15 BC * c.15 BC * c.15 BC ment 65 ment 65
exc by his father his father † c.8 BC exc ~ Phasael, nephew † 19/14 BC ? ~ Antipater ~ Herodias Ethnarch of Judaea, Tetrarch of Galilee ~ Iosephus † p.33 AD? Tetrarch of Batanea, † p.33 AD?
1 ~ daughter of 16 ~ Glaphyra, (G176) dt of his father of HEROD the Great cousin (RE20) niece (H161) Idumaea+Samaria +Perea 4BC-39AD cousin (J43) or died young Trachonitis etc in ~ son of ~ son of ~ Alexas Helcias
King Antigonos Archelaus I KIng ~ Berenice P345 4BC-6AD, when it became exiled 39   the North Pheroras (P347) Pheroras (P347) above
(see above) of Cappadocia cousin (B108) S110 RE3   a Roman province 1 ~ daughter of Aretas IV M274   4BC-33/34 AD her uncle her uncle
2 ~ daughter of Salome 1 ~ Mariamne (M276) King of Nabataea Mariamne ~ Herodias (H161) niece
Aristoboulus ==> ?= niece M277 2 ~ 34 Herodias niece (H161) ~ Herodes ?? ~ Salome
(=Mariamne M277?)       ?1 ~ King Philippus (P354) 2 ~ Glaphyra  (G176), dt of ?   of Chalcis niece (S110)
          uncle Archelaus I KIng Herodias (Salome?) cousin (H156)
        ?2 ~ Aristoboulos (A1052) of Cappadocia ment in gospels
                  cousin ~ Aristoboulos (A1052)
                                                                               
  A499   T206 RE5 H161 RE1 M277 J131 RE53 H156 RE18 A1051 RE9 H157 RE17 RE6   C1647 RE5
son   son daughter Alexander   Tigranes V Herodias   Mariamne       M.Iulius Agrippa I               Herodes                   Aristoboulos Herodes Alexandra   Alexander   Antipater   Cyprus
* c.15 BC * c.14 BC † 36 AD * c.15 BC * c.14/13 BC * 11 BC † 44 AD * c.10/9 BC † 48 AD * c.8 BC † p.45 † s.p. † s.p. † s.p. alive
~  daughter of King of Armenia 1 ~ Herodes ?1 ~ Antipater King of Philippus' tetrarchy 37 King of Chalcis 41 ~ Iotape (J45), dt  alive ~ Timius alive 37/44 ~ Agrippa I
grt uncle c.7-c.12 AD uncle (H155) uncle (A748) King of Judaea 41-44 praetorian ornamenta 41 of King of Emesa 37/44 of Cyprus 37/44   K of Judaea
Pheroras (P347) 2 ~ Philippus ?2 ~  Herodes Archelaus Judaea to Roman control 44-50 1 ~ Mariamne (M274), cousin Sampsikeramos ?   cousin (J131)
uncle (P354) uncle (A10125) praetorian ornamenta 37 2 ~ Iulia Berenice, niece (J651)        
  3 ~ 34 Herod Antipas consular ornamenta  41  
  uncle (A746) ~ Cyprus, cousin (C1647)    
    1   2 2        
T207 RE6     J296 J132 RE54 J651 RE15   J681 D195   A1052 RE10 B109 H246 J46    
Tigranes VI (Iulius) Drusus   M.Iulius Agrippa II     Iulia Berenice         Iulia Mariamne   (Iulia) Drusilla   Aristoboulos           Berenicianus Hyrcanus Iotape Antipas
King of Armenia † ante pater * 27/28 † 100 ? * c.28/29 † p.81 * c.34/35 *38/39 * c.30/33 † by 93 * c.46 *c.47 deaf-mute † 67/68 AD
60-62 deposed *c.24 † c.38/9? King of Chalcis 48-53 1 ~ M.Iulius Alexander (J138), † 44 1 ~ 53 Iulius 1 ~ Azizus K of Emesa King of Armenia Minor 54-71/72
King of Philippus' share 53 son of Alexander (A510) Archelaus (J173) A1693 Arm.Minor annexed to Cappadocia
+ Galilee and Peraea 54/5 alabarch of Alexandria 2nd cousin 2 ~ Antonius Felix (A828),  King of Chalcis 72-by 93
lost some territory 93+96 2 ~ Herodes (H156), her uncle 2 ~ Demetrius brother of Pallas ? ~ (Herodias) Salome, cousin (S110)
King until 100 3 ~ Polemo, King of Pontus Alabarch of but she must be too old (c.50)
rest to province Syria 100 J472 Alexandria (D40) ? ~ Herodias Salome, possible dt of
praetorian ornamenta 75 4 ~ Imp TITUS as mistress tetrarch Antipas (A746) ?
         
  1 2     2      
J48 J136 A500 RE57 J652 A462   A809 A889   ? A1053 RE11   H158 RE19 A461  
Iulia Iotape  ~  C.Iulius Alexander (Iulia) Berenice     Agrippinus Antonius Agrippa Antonia        Aristoboulos Herodes   Agrippa Iulia Crispina
King of Cietis in Cilicia 72- sub Domitian † exc by Romans † 79 at Pompeii Clementiana   overseer in Aegypt 132
dt of Antiochus IV senator of Rome, cos suff 106 or 108 ~ Alexander of Cyrene in Vesuvius eruption dt of Felix, but   see article by Ilan
King of Commagene † exc by Romans ~ ignota maybe not of  
38-72 † 79 at Pompeii Drusilla  
 
   
J130 RE50   ? J141 RE60 A887
C.Iulius Agrippa       C.Iulius Alexander Berenicianus Antonia Agrippina
q pro pr Asia leg Aug pro pr in Parthian war
cos suff  116
procos Asia 132/133
?? ?
     
cf J130, AE 1976-677+678    
L.Iulius C.f. Agrippa     Iulia Crispina
trib. Fabia ab Apamea in Syria   overseer in Aegypt 132
also attested as a son of a   see article by Ilan, who proposes she is daughter of Iulia Berenice's son Berenicianus (B109)
"C.Iulius Agrippa"  
but the inscription honours  
only his grt grd father,  AE 1964-57
a Dexandros, tetrarch of Syria, Ti.Claudius Antoninus Calpurnius Atticus Iulius Berenicianus
so his Herodian descent c.150/200
is very uncertain inscription at Heliopolis/Baalbek