Gens: IULIUS, ROYAL HOUSE OF PONTUS  
Created: 9th November 2014
Update:  10th January 2015
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors 0
Imperial Consuls and Emperors 0 incl. 0 emperors
Notes: Mithradates can be spelled both Mithradates and Mithridates
Articles McGing, Brian C.: "The Kings of Pontus: some problems of identity and date", in Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, Neue Folge, 129. Bd., H. 1986, pp.248-259
Sullivan, Richard D.: "Dynasts in Pontus", in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, Bd.II,7.2, 1980, pp.913-930 with stemma opposite p.928
Sullivan, Richard D.: "Near Eastern Royalty and Rome 100-30 BC", University of Toronto Press 1990, sections on Pontus (pp.35-48 and 151-163) with stemma 2 at bookend.
Based on stemma in RE Supplement Vol. 15, p.400
Changes 2014-12-19 added new article, Athenais' birthyear corrected from 77 to 95, added Archelaus as possible son of Mithradates VI, 
2015-01-10 added the kings and rulers prior to Mithradates II, added article by McGing
Mithradates i
ruler of Cius and Arrhine before 401 - ?
 
RE1  
Ariobarzanes I  
ruler of Cius and Arrhine ? to 363/2
satrap of Phrygia Minor
 
 
Ariobarzanes II
ruler of Cius and Arrhine 363/2-337
 
  RE6
Ariobarzanes     Mithradates II
ruler of Cius and Arrhine 337/6-302
 
RE7  
Mithradates I Ctistes  
(Mithradates III , ruler of Cius and Arrhine)
1st King of Pontus 302-266/5
 
 
Ariobarzanes
King of Pontus 266/5-c.255
coregent before 266/5
 
RE8  
Mithradates II
King of Pontus c.250-c.220
~  Laodice, (RE4) dt of Antiochus II Theos
King of Seleucid Babylonia 261-246
 
RE9   RE16 RE17
Mithradates III       Laodice             Laodice
King of Pontus c.220-c.185
~  Laodice, (RE21) ~  Antiochus III 1 ~  Antiochus Hierax
King of Seleucid Babylonia 223-187 2 ~  Achaios of Seleucid Babylonia
 
RE1   RE10 RE22
Pharnaces I         Mithradates IV Philopator Philadelphus ~  Laodice Philadelphos  
King of Pontus c.185-155/154 King of Pontus 155/154-c.152/151
~  Laodice, dt of Antiochus II Theos
~  Nyasa of Syria King of Seleucid Babylonia 261-246
 
RE11  
Mithradates V Euergetes 
King of Pontus c.152/1-120
~  Laodice, (RE23) dt of Antiochus IV
King of Seleucid Babylonia 175-164
 
RE29   RE12 RE13 RE28 RE5 RE6 RE4
Laodice ~  1 Mithradates VI Eupator Dionysos           Mithradates Chrestos     Laodice           Nysa Roxane   Stateira
* 131/132 † 63 suicide exc. by brother * c.140
King of Pontus 120-63 regent of Cappadocia 111
King of Bosporus 107-63
2 ~ c.89/8-c.72/71 Monime , dt of Philopoemen of Miletus (1) ~ Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia
3 ~ 86-72/71 Berenice (RE19) of Chios King 130-111 (or 116)
4 ~  until 63 Stratonike (RE12) from Kabeira in Pontus assassinated by Mithradates VI
5 ~  until 63 Hypsikrateia c.102/1 (2) ~ Nicomedes III of Bithynia
6 ~  various concubines King 128/7-c.94
DAUGHTERS OF MITHRADATES VI
1   1 2 6 6 6 6 6 6
RE27   RE1 RE6 RE1 RE6 RE1 RE1
Cleopatra     Drypetina   Athenais         Mithradatis       Nysa       Eupatra   Orsabaris       Cleopatra   Adobogiona  
* c.110 Philostorgos II the younger full sister of Mithradates of Pergamon
94 ~  Tigranes I  * 85 eng.  Ptolemaeus XII eng. Ptolemaeus 1 ~ Socrates Chrestus
the Great ~ Ariobarzanes II Philopator Auletes of Cyprus, brother of usurper of Bithynia c.90 ~ Castor II Saecundaros
King of Armenia King of Cappadocia 63/2-52/1 King of  Egypt 55-51 Ptolemaeus XII Auletes 2 ~ Lycomedes, priest- tetrarch of Galatia c.40-36
prince of Comana 47-30
SONS OF MITHRADATES VI
1   6 1 6 1 1 4 6 6 6 6 ? ??
RE14   RE9 RE1 RE6 RE1 RE2 RE1 RE6 RE4 RE17 RE15 RE12
Mithradates    Ariarathes IX   Arcathias   Artaphrenes Machares   Pharnaces II        Xiphares   Dareios   Xerxes   Cyros   Mithradates     Archelaus  
general 85 King of Cappadocia general capt by sub king King of Pontus 48-47 † 65 exc. capt by of Pergamon general of
†85 emprisoned c.100-c.86 † † 86 Pompeius 63 of Bosporus King of Bosporus 63-47 by father in triumph of Pompeius 63 in triumph of King of Bosporus 47 Mithridates VI
by father * c.108 in triumph of 80 - 65 † † 47 killed by Asandros Pompeius 61 in triumph of Pompeius 61 appointed by Caesar 88-86
Pompeius 61 Pompeius 61
 
RE8 D211 RE1 P531 RE2 P1114 RE1 Kings of Cappadocia
Darius         Arsaces         Dynamis Philorhomaios 3 ~ 1 Polemon I (Polemo I) 2 ~ Pythodoris
King of Pontus c.39-37 † rebel King of Pontus 37/6 Queen of Bosporus King of Pontus 37 - 8 BC † 23 AD
installed by M.Antonius, † 37/6 17/6 BC and 8 BC-7/8AD King of Bosporus 14 - 8  BC queen of Pontus
last Mithradatid king installed by M.Antonius King of Armenia Minor 34/3- p 31BC 8BC - 33? AD
of Pontus 1 ~ Asandros (or Asander) (A1197) son of Zeno of Laodicea
King of  Bosporus 47-c.18 BC (see stemma Antonius
2 ~ Scribonius, usurper King (S256) Zeno)
of Bosporus 15/14 BC
exc. by M.Vipsanius Agrippa
1    
A1265 RE Asp 1   A900 RE130
Ti. Iulius Aspurgus Philoromaios   see stemma of     Antonia Tryphaena  
King of Bosporus Antonius Zeno Queen of Pontus 33?-38
10/11 AD -38/39  ~ C.Iulius Cotys VIII
~ Gepaipyris, dt of Cotys VIII of Thracia King of Thracia, † by 19 AD
and grd dt of Polemo I
==>
   
  G168 RE1 J472 RE Pol 3
kings of Bosporus see stemma of   Gepaipyris     Iulius Polemon II  
kings of Thracia King of Pontus 38-64
~ Ti.Iulius Aspurgus King of Cilicia 41-68/9
King of Bosporus 64 Pontus part of Roman province of Galatia
10/11 AD -38/39  † 68/69
<== 1 ~ Iulia Berenice  of Judaea (J651)
2 ~ Iulia Mamaea, dt of king Sohaemus of Emesa
2 2  
 
Rhoemetalces     Polemo