Gens: KINGS OF BABYLONIA AND SYRIA (SELEUCID DYNASTY)
Created: 28th December 2014
Update:  7th January 2015
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors 0
Imperial Consuls and Emperors 0 incl. 0 emperors
Notes: Zabinas = "bought" indicating suspected false parentage. The extent of the Selucid empire varied much over time, after 129 BC only Syria was left.
Articles Hoover, Oliver D.:"A Revised Chronology for the Late Seleucids at Antioch (121/0-64 BC)", in Historia: Zeitschrift fόr Alte Geschichte, Bd. 56, 2007, pp. 280-301
which highlights the big uncertainties of the regnal dates for the later Seleucid kings.
Grainger, John DE.: "A Seleukid Prosopography and Gazetter", Brill, Leiden, 1997
Sullivan, Richard D.: "Near Eastern Royalty and Rome 100-30 BC", University of Toronto Press 1990, sections on Syria (pp.65-69 and 202-205) with stemma 7 at bookend.
Thiele, Andreas: "Erzδhlende genealogische Stammtafeln zur europδischen Geschichte Band III", Fankfurt, 1994, pp.249-253
Changes 7-1-2014: added Grainger's book and based on the book made some minor changes. Added Hoover's article.
Antiochus
~ Laodice (RE11)
 
RE2  
Seleucus I Nikator                               Laodice
* c.358 † 281 murdered
general of Alexander the Great
satrap of Babylonia 321-316 and 312-305
King 305-281 of Babylonia, Media, Susiana, Persis, Hyrcania, Armenia and Bactria
King 301-281 of Syria, King 281 of Macedonia
(1) 324 ~ Apame of Sogdiana (RE1), dt of Spitames, satrap of Bactria
(2) 300 ~ Stratonice, † 253, dt of Demetrius I Polioketes,  King of Macedonia 294-288
1   ?? ? 1? 2
RE21   RE12 RE3
Antiochus I Soter             Laodice           Achaios the elder     Phila    
* 324 † 261 in battle aged 64 satrap and general † 240
co-regent 293-281, King 281-261 Antiochus I supposed to name possibly not royal
lost Pergamon 262 city of Laodicea after his sister but local Asia Minor dynast 275 ~ Antigonus II Gonatas
293 ~ Stratonice, † 253, dt of K. Demetrius I  but more probably after his King of Macedonia c.277-239
of Macedonia, his stepmother grandmother
   
RE3   RE3 RE22 RE9 RE13   RE9 RE6
Seleucus     Apame     Antiochus II Theos     Stratonice   Laodice I         Alexander       Andromachus   Antiochis      
* c.292 † 267 exc.  * c.291 † c.248 * c.286 † 246 aged 40 † c.235 † c.238 governor at Lydia c.260 † p.220
by father co-regent 267 or dt of Antiochus I by brother of Laodice I general ~ Attalos 
coregent with father 275 ~ Magas King 261-246 ~ Demetrius II different wife ? cousin of Eumenes I
275 (280?) K. of Cyrene (1) ~ Laodice I, cousin King of Macedonia ~ Antiochus II 1st K of Pergamon
(see stemma (2) c.252  ~ Berenice Syra 239-229, cousin King of Babylonia, cousin
of Egypt) † 245 murdered (by Laodice I) Kings of Pergamon
dt of K. Ptolemaeus II of Egypt  
1 1   1 1 2 2  
RE10 RE4   RE23 RE14   RE4   RE15
Stratonice       Seleucus II Kallinikos Antiochus Hierax       Laodice       Ptolemaeus   Apame Achaios the younger         Laodice II  
† c.220 * c.263 † 225 * c.265 † 226 in battle * c.252 † 245 ment 245 † 214/213 exc. by Antiochus III
King 246-225 co-regent Asia Minor 242-229/8 c.245 ~ Mithradates II murdered viceroy of Asia Minor 222 ~ Seleucus II
~ Ariarathes III civil wars with brother King of Pontus by Laodice I King of Asia Minor (Sardes) 221-213 King of Babylonia
satrap of Cappadocia ~ Laodice II, 2nd cousin ~ ignota (Laodice?), dt of King † c.215 ~ Laodice, dt of K.Mithradates II of Pontus 2nd cousin
1st K. of Cappadocia Ziaelis I of Nicomedia
   
RE4 RE5   RE24 RE16   RE17
Antiochis       Seleucus III Soter (or Keraunos)    Antiochus III the Great ~ Laodice III           Laodice
(original name Alexander) * 243/242 † 187 in battle † by 191
~ Xerxes * 244/243 † 223 murdered King 223-187 eng to Antiochus Hierax
prince of Armosata King 225-223 Great King 206 ~ Achaios the Younger
in West Armenia dsp (1) 222 ~ Laodice III, cousin, dt of K. Mithradates II of Pontus K of Asia Minor
vassal of Antiochus III (2) 190  ~ Euboia, dt of Cleoptolemos of Chalcis in Euboia =>
murdered by wife
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
? RE26 RE18 RE19 RE6 RE27 RE5 RE14
filia       Antiochus     Laodice IV         Seleucus IV Philopater   Antiochus IV Theos     Antiochis       Cleopatra I       filia    
Antioc. III proposed * 220/1 † 193 † 162 murdered by  * c.220 † 175 murdered  Epiphanes Nikephus † 176 ment 190 187
she marry general Demetrius I co-regent 193-187 † 164 203 ~ Ariarathes IV regent of Egypt 180-176
~ Demetrius, co-regent 209/8 1 ~ Antiochus, brother, † 193 King 187-175 originally Mithridates K. of Cappadocia 194 ~ Ptolemaeus V
deposed 175 ~ Laodice IV, sister 2 ~ King Seleucus IV, brother 193/2 ~ Laodice IV, sister general 197 cousin K. of Egypt † 180
son and heir to 3 ~ King Antiochus IV, brother hostage at Rome 189-175
K. Euthydemos I King 175-164
of Bactria 174 ~ Laodice IV, sister
      ??
  RE40   RE20 RE28   ? RE23 RE22
Nysa       Demetrius I Soter   Antiochus       Laodice V     Antiochus V Eupator Nysa filius   Laodice         Alexander I Balas    
d.s.p. * c.186 † 150 in battle † 174/170 murdered by † 150 murdered * 173 † 162 exc by see on coins at Rome 153 probably a pretender from Smyrna
or dt of Antiochus IV vs Alexander I Balas uncle Antiochus IV (1) 178  ~ K. Perseus Demetrius I <== c.164 either sister of Alexander I * c.170 † 145 murdered
~ K. Pharnaces  I of Pontus hostage at Rome who adopted him of  Macedonia, †. 162 co-regent 170/169 or Antiochus V rebel king 153-145
† c.165, son of King 175-162 co-regent 175-170 (2) 2 ~ K. Demetrius I King 164-162 ? ~ Mithridates III defeated by Demetrius II 145
Mithradates III of Pontus King 162-150 her brother of Pontus (uncertain whether 150 ~ Cleopatra Thea, dt of Ptolemaeus VI of Egypt
162 ~ Laodice V, sister his wife Laodice was this 
  Laodice)  
RE41   RE30 RE Tryphon 1 RE29   RE23 ??  
Antigonus     Demetrius II Nikator       Antiochus VII "Sidetes"   Diodotus Tryphon Antiochus VI Epiphanes Dionysus   Alexander II Zabinas
† 150 murdered * c.161 † 125 murdered by his Soter Euergetes Kallinikos † c.135 suicide * c.151/150 † 139/138 murdered ? by † 123 murdered by
with his mother 1st wife Cleopatra * c.160 † 129 in battle general of Balas and Nikator usurper King Diodotus aged 12 Antiochus VIII
by Alexander Balas K of Syria 145-140 + 129-126/5 K of Syria 140/138-129 regent 145 King 145-139/138 or probably a pretender, son of
prisoner of Parthia 140-129 140 ~ Cleopatra Thea, dt of  rebel king 139/138-135 or King 145-142 when he died a Greek merchant from Egypt
(1) 145 ~ Cleopatra Thea,  K. Ptolemaeus VI of Egypt rebel king 142-139/138 usurper king 128/125-123
Queen of Syria 125-121
murdered by Antiochus VIII
K. Ptolemaeus VI of Egypt, divorced,
(2) c.139 ~ Rhodogune, dt of   
K. Mithradates I of Parthia  
1 1   1            
RE24 RE7   RE31 RE25   RE25 RE8 RE32
Laodice   Seleucus V       Antiochus VIII "Grypos"     Laodice   Laodice Antiochus   Seleucus         Antiochus IX "Cyzicenus"  
* c.143 † 125 murdered Epiphanes Philometor Kallinikos † child † child † child † as prisoner Eusebes Philopator
~ Phraates II by his mother * c.141/142 † 96 murdered by of Parthians * c.135 † 95, killed by Seleucus VI
K of Parthia hostage in Parthia 129-125 halfbrother Cyzicenus ? or = Seleucus RE7 King of Syria 115/4-95 civil wars
† 127 King of Syria 125 co-regent 125-121 with mother (1) ignota
King of Syria 121-96 civil wars (2) 114  ~ Cleopatra IV † 112 of Egypt
(1) ~ Cleopatra Tryphaena † 111 (3) 96 ~ Cleopatra V Selene † 70/69
dt of K. Ptolemaeus VIII of Egypt both dts of Ptolemaeus VIII, K of Egypt
(2) 102 ~ Cleopatra V Selene † 70/69    
dt of K. Ptolemaeus VIII of Egypt  
1 1 twin 1 twin 1 1 1 1  
RE9 RE34 RE68   RE42 RE26 RE35 RE33  
Seleucus VI      Antiochus XI Epiphanes   Philippus I Epiphanes Demetrius III "Eukairos" Laodice VII Thea Antiochus XII Dionysus Antiochus X Eusebes Philopator
Epiphanes Nikator Philadelphos Philadelphos Philopator Soter Philadelphos Epiphanes Philopater † 83 killed by Tigranes
† 95/4 murdered † 94 battle † 83 † 88/7 as prisoner in Kallinikus Great of Armenia
King of Syria 96-95/4 King of Syria 95-94 King of Syria 95-83 Parthia, rebel  ~ Mithridates I † 84 in battle King of Syria 95-83
deposed by King King of Syria 95-88/7 K of Commagene vs the Nabataeans ~ Cleopatra Selene † 70/69
Tigranes I of Armenia c.100-92/69 rebel King of Syria 87-84 his stepmother
dt of Ptolemaeus VIII of Egypt
     
RE69     RE36   ? RE10 ? = RE11
Philippus II Barypous Cleopatra   Antiochis   Antiochus XIII Eusebes "Asiaticus"   Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes
† 55 murdered † 64 murdered or alive 57? † 56 exc by wife (RE11)
King of Cilicia 83-55 exile in Rome 75-73 exile in Rome 73 (RE10)
King of Syria 67/6-65 King of Syria 69-64 called son of Cleopatra Selene
candidate for Egyptian throne 55 deposed by Pompey, when last know Seleucid
Syria becamr Roman province ~ Berenice IV
Queen of Egypt