Guidance to the stemmata
Updated 8th April 2018
  1. Included are all individuals from senatorial families and first time senators (homo novus).
  2. Though the focus is on senators, equites (knights) are also included if probably or possibly related to senators or if holding important equestrian offices.
  3. Equites known to have held one of the three great imperial praefectures (Praefectus Praetoria, Prafectus Annonae (corn supply) and Praefectus Aegyptus), equestrian procurators and governors are always included.
  4. Above the name of each individual is given their reference number in small type in one or more of
    • Dem - Prosopographie des chevaliers Romains Julio-Claudiens by Demougin
    • Dob - Primipilares by Dobson
    • FOS - Prosopographie des femmes de l'ordre sénatorial by Raepsaet-Charlier
    • LP - Laterculi Praesidum by Thomasson (NEW from April 8th 2018)
    • Nic - L'Ordre Équestre a l'époque republicaine (312-43 av. J.-C.) by Nicolet
    • Pf - Les Carrieres Procuratoriennes Equestres by Pflaum
    • PIR - Prosopographia Imperii Romani
      IDs refer to 2nd edition of the PIR from letters A to Z and in old files the old 1st edition for letters V to Z.
      PIR 2nd edition final volume with letters V to Z was published in late 2015. When old stemmata are updated the ID's will be corrected to 2nd edition.
    • PLRE - Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire
    • PME - Prosopographia Militiarum Equestrium quae fuerunt ab Augusto ad Gallienum by Devijver
    • RE - Pauly-Wissowa Realencyclopadie
    • In some cases, where the above are missing, I have added a reference to an entry in AE (l'Annee Epigraphique) with year and number, or to the CIL or ILS entry, or to one of the major reference works listed under Bibliography
  5. Persons in bold type have had the office of consul, dictator, magister equitum, consular tribune or censor and persons in bold capital letters are emperors or major figures of the Republic,
  6. In the stemma full lines indicate attested genealogical connections, dotted lines indicate hypothesis or guesswork.
    Double descendence lines indicate adoption.
  7. Questionmarks are used to indicate uncertainty of relationship, descent or office.
  8. Dates are given as follows:
    • 140/144 at some date between 140 and 144 inclusive
    • 140-144 from 140 to 144 inclusive
  9. Paranthesis () around a name indicates the person is only indirectly attested.
  10. Square brackets [] around part of a name indicates a reconstructed name. I have added a questionmark if very doubtfull.
  11. All dates on this site are given thus:  day . month . year 
  12. The change date at the top of each family page only indicates that information content has changed, not minor changes of format, spelling or layout.

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