III Gallica   Update 2.11.2016    
1 Real-Encyclopädie article Legio by Ritterling p.1517-1532      
History from 30 BC to 284 AD        
Date Action Legionary HQ Modern name Province Comment
48 BC ? raised by Caesar in Gaul as his 3rd consular legion or possibly the ex-Caesarian XV legion transferred to Pompeius in 53 and renamed after Pharsalus        
40-39 Parthian war against Pacorus and Labienus        
36-33 M.Antonius ' Parthian wars        
31 ? at Actium fighting for M.Antonius        
30 absorbed into Octavian's army in Syria     Syria  
58-62 AD Corbulo's campaigns in Armenia-Cappadocia        
66 vexillation under Cestius Gallus vs 1st Jewish revolt        
68 moved to Moesia to combat the Sarmtian Roxolani Oescus ? Gigen, Hungary Moesia Inferior  
69 joined Vespasian and marched to Rome Capua   Italia 2nd battle of Bedriacum
70 sent back to the East Raphanaea ? Rafniye on Euphrates Syria  
115-117 ? Jewish revolt in Egypt        
118 supported Elagabalus against Macrinus in civil war        
132-135 2nd Jewish revolt in Judaea        
162-166 Lucius Verus' Parthian wars        
175 supported Avidius Cassius against M.Aurelius        
193-194 Pescennius Niger's civil war against Septimius Severus        
c.198 stationed in new province of Syria Phoenice Raphanaea Rafniye on Euphrates Syria Phoenice when Syria was divided
212/218 titled "Antoniniana" after Caracalla        
218 supported Elagabalus against Macrinus in civil war        
219 supported revolt of their legatus legionis Verus        
219 legion probably disbanded by Elagabalus as punishment       damnatio memoriae
c.222 reformed after Elagabalus' murder by Severus Alexander Danaba Hafer ?  Syria Phoenice titled "Severiana Alexandriana"
260 ? Valerian's campaign against the Persians        
268-271 a vexillation supported Victorinus in Gaul       called III Gal pia fidelis
? 272-273 Aurelian's campaign against Palmyra       or III Cyr
284 stationed at Danaba Hafer ? Syria Phoenice