Legio X Fretensis Updated 2016-11-30    
1 Real-Encyclopädie article "Legio" by Emil Ritterling p.1671-1678      
2 Dabrowa, Edward: "Legio X Fretensis", p.317-325 in Yann Le Bohec & Catherine Wolff (Éd.), Les légions de Rome sous le Haut- Empire. Actes du Congrès de Lyon, 17-19 septembre 1998. Lyon, 2000
Latest update Based on Source §2; updates marked with grey background.        
History from 58 BC to 284 AD        
Date Action Legionary HQ Modern name Province Comment
41/40 BC raised by Octavian       other legio X was with M.Antonius
36 Octavian's campaigns vs Sextus Pompeius       battle of Naulochus
36 probably gained its title from battle in straight of Messina       Fretensis = of the straight
31 possibly fought for Octavian at battle of Actium       because of emblem of a dolphin
c.30 probably stationed in Macedonia     Macedonia  
c.16 confirmed in Macedonia     Macedonia  
by 4 in the East     Syria  
by 18 AD stationed at Cyrrhus ruins at Khoros Syria  
18/66 stationed at Zeugma (Seleucia) Belkis, Turkey Syria  
55-60 Corbulo's Parthian campaigns (vexillation)        
66 vexillation under Cestius Gallus vs 1st Jewish revolt        
67-70 1st Jewish revolt     Judaea  
70 stationed permanently in Judaea Jerusalem Jerusalem Judaea  
72-73 siege of Masada        
113-117 Trajan's Parthian war (vexillation)        
132-135 2nd Jewish revolt        
166-180 M.Aurelius' Marcomannic wars (vexillation)        
193-194 Pescennius Niger's civil war against Septimius Severus        
211/217 titled Antoniniana after Caracalla        
216 Caracalla's Parthian campaign (vexillation)        
222/235 titled Severiana after Alexander Severus        
235 ? Severus Alexander's German campaign (vexillation)        
238/244 titled Gordiana after Gordian III        
260 ? Valerian's campaign against the Persians        
260s vexillation sent by Gallienus to Gaul vs the usurpers        
269 supported usurper Victorinus in Gaul (vexillation)       called Pia Felix after usurper's Pius Felix
284 probably still at Jerusalem Jerusalem Jerusalem Judaea  
late 3rd cent. moved to Arabia Aila Aqaba on Red Sea Arabia