Legio X Gemina Update 2016-11-30    
1 Real-Encyclopädie article "Legio" by Emil Ritterling p.1678-1690      
2 Gómez-Pantoja, Joaquin: "Legio X Gemina", p.169-190 in Yann Le Bohec & Catherine Wolff (Éd.), Les légions de Rome sous le Haut- Empire. Actes du Congrès de Lyon, 17-19 septembre 1998. Lyon, 2000
Latest update Based on Source §2; updates marked with grey background.        
History from 58 BC to 284 AD        
Date Action Legionary HQ Modern name Province Comment
58 BC famous 10th legion commanded by Caesar in Gaul       titled Equestris ("mounted" or "knightly") until c.30
58-45 Caesar's Gallic and civil wars        
45 demobilised        
44 reformed by M.Aemilius Lepidus after Caesar's murder        
43 went over to M.Antonius        
42 battle of Philippi        
41 went to the East with M.Antonius        
40-33 M.Antonius' Parthian war        
31 fought for M.Antonius at Actium        
31 discharged after Actium in dishonour by Octavian        
30 reformed by Octavian by incorporating other troops       title Gemina = twin
30 moved to Spain     Hispania Citerior  
27-19 Cantabrian wars Petavonium Rosinos de Vidriales Hispania Citerior  
62/63 AD moved to Pannonia Carnuntum Petronell-Carnuntum Pannonia  
68 Galba returned the legion to Spain        
69 supported Vitellius        
69-70 marched to the Rhine to help put down the Civilis revolt        
70 stationed at Noviomagus Nijmegen capital of Batavia  
89 with 3 other legions defeated Saturninus' revolt       I Min, VI Vic, XXII Pg
89 called X Gemina Pia Fidelis Domitiana       "dutiful, loyal, of Domitian"
96 title Domitiana dropped after Domitian's murder        
103 moved to the Danube Aquincum Budapest Pannonia Inferior  
105-106 ? Trajan's 2nd Dacian war        
107/118 moved to Pannonia Superior Vindobonna Vienna Pannonia Superior  
132-135 2nd Jewish revolt (vexillation)        
150 Mauretania (vexillation)        
161-166 Lucius Verus' Parthian wars (vexillation)        
166-180 M.Aurelius' Marcomannic wars        
193-194 Septimius Severus' civil war against Niger (vexillation)        
211/217 titled Antoniniana after Caracalla        
222/235 titled Severiana after Alexander Severus        
238/244 titled Gordiana after Gordian III        
249/251 titled Deciana after Decius        
260's honored by Gallienus with title "VI/VII Pia VI/VII Fidelis"       for support against Postumus
276 titled Floriana after Florianus        
283/285 titled Cariniana after Carinus        
284 still at Vindobonna Vindobonna Vienna Pannonia Superior