Created: 18th April 2018
Update:  18th April 2018
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:      Local magistrates  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Local magistrat. n/a
Uncertain n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular Priscus,Scapula, Tertullus
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Equestrian (mil) n/a
Local magistrat. n/a
Uncertain n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors n/a
Imperial Consuls and Emperors (Augusti and Caesars) 5 incl. 0 emperors
Literature Alföldy: Fasti Hispanienses (1969) p.127, 186-187 (C. Iulius Scapula cos 139)
Alföldy: Konsulat (1977) p.140, 205, 255, 267, 325, 339 (C. Iulius Scapula … [D]onatus [...]nus cos suff 139), p.195-196, 210, 226, 284-285, 325
(P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus cos 160/166; argues p.195-196 that he could not have been in Galatia 177/180, but could have been in Africa)
Barnes, T.D.: "Proconsuls of Asia under Caracalla" in Phoenix, Vol. 40, 1986, p. 202-205 discusses the year of office of the procos of Africa Scapula, normally 
assumed to be P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus Priscus cos 195, but could be C. Iulius (Scapula ?) Lepidus Tertullus cos suff 195/196.
Birley, A.R.: "Caecilius Capella: Persecutor of Christians, Defender of Byzantium", in Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, vol. 32, 1991, p.81-82 
discusses the new inscription on J554, which for tribus Arnensis (vs Sergia for his presumed uncle) points to an origin in Carthago.
 Tertullian's Scapula in ad Scapulam (procos Africa 212/213) may be J554 and not J557.
Caballos Rufino: Senadores Hispanorromanos (1990) p.384-385 (§I28 C. Iulius (Scapula) Lepidus Tertullus cos 195/196)
Cebeillac: Quaestores Principis (1972) p.155-156 (§ LXXII C. Iulius Scapula J552)
Eck: Fasten der Statthalter 2.teil, (1983), p.179-184 (C. Iulius Scapula cos 139, in Achaia and Galatia)
Fitz: Pannonien (1995) p.674-675 (§377 C. Iulius Lepidus Tertullus J554; he identifies the tr laticl with J554, but does not note that the tribus is different from J556)
Groag: Achaia (1939) p.68-69 (C. Iulius Scapula, procos 135/136)
Jagenteufel: Dalmatia (1958) p.80-82 (§25 Scapula Tertullus J556; dates his governorship to 179-181.)
Le Bohec, Yann: "La Troisième Légion Auguste", Paris, 1989, p.126, 398 (C. Iulius (Scapula) Lepidus Tertullus J554)
Leunissen: Konsuln (1989) p.153, 217, 274  (C. Iulius (Scapula ?) Lepidus Tertullus cos suff 195/196), p.240, 372 (P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus cos suff c.163/164), 
p.133, 217, 372 (P. Iulius Scapula s Tertullus Priscus cos. 195) , p.132, 372 (P. Iulius Scapula Priscus cos suff 192) 
Lieb, Hans:"Zum Tag der "Designatio" der "Consules " im Zweiten Jahrhundert" in Acta Classica, Vol. 42 (1999), pp. 205-210
shows that J553, cos desig in 138, was cos suff in 139.
Remy: Carrieres Senatoriales (1989) p.151-152 (§113 C. Iulius Scapula cos suff 139), p.269 (§220 C. Iulius Scapula J552, tr mil XII Ful)
Sherk: Legates of Galatia (1952) p.69 (C. Iulius Scapula cos suff 139)
Sherk: Galatia, governors AD 112-285 (1979) p.169 (C. Iulius Scapula governor 136-138)
Syme, Ronald: "Donatus and the Like", in Historia Band 27, 1978, p.593-594 (Roman Papers vol. III, p.1110) expresses doubt on the cognomina [D]onatus [Balbi?]nus
of J553. They derive from a lost inscription in Bithynia (IGR III-151) and may be a misreading of the Greek formulation of consul designatus.
Thomasson: Fasti Africani (1996) p.71 (P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus cos suff 163/164), p.83-84 (P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus Priscus cos 195), 
p.169-170 (C. Iulius (Scapula) Lepidus Tertullus cos suff 195/196)
J553 RE464 LP24-32 LP28-23
C. Iulius Scapula (… [D]onatus [Balbi?]nus ??)
tr laticl VII Gem in Asturia, q Baetica, tr pl, pr c.130
leg leg IV Scy in Syria c.132-c.135, procos Achaia 135/136
leg Aug pro pr Galatia 136-138/9, cos desig 138,
cos suff 139
J556 RE467 LP17-37 J552 RE465
P. Iulius C.f. Scapula Tertullus               C. Iulius C.f. Scapula
trib. Sergia, monet, tr mil XII Ful in Cappadocia,
cos suff 160/166 (163 or 164 ?) q Aug, (aedil?, tr pl?),
consilium principis of M. Aurelius / Commodus 177 f(etialis ?)
leg Aug pro pr Dalmatia 177/180 or 164/169
? procos Africa 178/179 or 179/180
J555 RE466 J557 RE468 LP39-126 J554 RE466a LP40-55 AE1990-817
P. Iulius Scapula Priscus P. Iulius Scapula Tertullus Priscus C. Iulius (Scapula ?) Lepidus Tertullus C. Iulius  C.f. Lepidus Tertullus
cos suff 192 cos ord 195 leg Aug pro pr III Aug (Numidia) 194-195 trib. Arnensis,
procos Africa 212/213 cos desig 195 cos suff 195 or 196 tr laticl II Adi
patron Cuicul in Numidia inscription Aquincum
If = J554 this would cast doubt on stemma,
since his uncle is in tribus Sergia