Created: 10th November 2013
Update:  23rd May 2018
Status Republic: Patrician:     Pleb. Nobilis:       Senatorial:      Eques Romanus:      Local magistrates  
Republican Family / Cognomen
Patrician n/a
Pleb. Nobilis n/a
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian n/a
Local magistrat. n/a
Uncertain n/a
Imperial Family / Cognomen
Imperators n/a
Consular no cognomen, Euhodianus, Scapula
Senatorial n/a
Equestrian Sabinus, Scapula
Equestrian (mil) Tranquillianus
Local magistrat. n/a
Uncertain n/a
Republican Consuls, Tribunes with consular power, Dictators, Magister Equitum, Censors n/a
Imperial Consuls and Emperors (Augusti and Caesars) 6 excl. AE1980-907
Notes: Stemma of the Scapulae very uncertain. Only certain item is that the cos 59 was the son of the governor of Britannia.
Wikipedia has a list of other Ostorii from inscriptions.
Literature Absil: Prefets du Pretoire (1997) p.119-120 (§1 Q. Ostorius Scapula, PP 2BC- c.4 AD)
Bastianini, G: "Lista dei prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p", in ZPE Bd. 17 (1975), p268 (Q. Ostorius Scapula, he identifies him with the PP)
Birley: Roman Government of Britain (2005) p.25-31 (§2 (P. Ostorius Scapula, governor of Brit 47-52), p.278 (M. Ostorius Scapula, tr laticlav in Britannia c.48) 
Christol, M. and Demougin, S.: "Notes de prosopographie équestre",  in ZPE, Bd.57, 1984, p.171-178 on gens Ostoria (stemma p.177), 
inserting Q. Ostorius Scapula from AE1980-907 (cos suff with a C. Selius Rufus, ? = C. Caelius Rufus in 17 AD) as father of cos suff 41.
Eck, Werner: "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.", in Historia, Bd. 24, (1975), p.342 shows an Ostorius Scapula must be cos suff in 41. He
He believed it was Publius (O164), though a later inscription (AE1973-152) shows the consul to be a Quintus.
Eck, Werner: "Prokonsuln von Asia in der flavisch-traianischen Zeit", in ZPE Bd.45, 1982, p.141-145 dates the proconsulate of Asia of M. (Ostorius) 
Scapula to 114/115. He prefers 98 (not 97) as date of his suffect consulate.
Eck, Werner: " Ein Militärdiplom trajanischer Zeit aus dem pannonischen Raum", in Kölner Jahrbuch, Band 26, 1993, p.445-450 (new military diploma 
gives the name of two suffect consuls of September 99: (Ostorius ) Scapula and (C. Fulvius Gillo Bittius) Proculus; thus year is not 97 or 98 but 99).
Eck: Fasten der Statthalter 1.teil, (1982), p.357 (M. (Ostorius) Scapula, Asia 114/115)
Hanson, Ann Ellis: "Publius Ostorius Scapula: Augustan Prefect of Egypt", in ZPE, Bd.47, 1982, p.243-253. New papyrus gives praenomen Publius to the 
praef Aegypt of 3-10/11 AD, thus making him a brother of the PP of 2 BC.
Hanson, Ann Ellis: "Two Copies of a Petition to the Prefect", in ZPE, Bd.47, 1982, p.233-243 analyses the papyrus of 9-10 AD to P. Ostorius Scapula).
Leunissen: Konsuln (1989) p.189, 235, 369  (Ostorius O159)
PIR2 letter O p.470 (stemma, which rejects Christol/Demougin's insertion of a generation between O167/O165 and O166/O164)
Reinmuth, O.W.: "A Working List of the Prefects of Egypt 30 B.C. To 299 A.D", in The Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists, Vol. 4, 1967, p.77
(Q. Ostorius Scapula, praef Aegypt between 3 AD and 10/11 AD; we now know he should be Publius))
Remy: Carrieres Senatoriales (1989) p.175 (§147 M. Ostorius Scapula as governor of Galatia, possible but no evidence), p.353 (Ostorius as governor of Cilicia)
Rutledge: Imperial Inquisitions (2001) p.251 (§67 Ostorius Sabinus , accuser of Barea Soranus in 66), 
Sherk: Legates of Galatia (1952) p.31 (M. Ostorius Scapula, governor ?, but no actual evidence, except a Ti. Claudius Scapula who could have taken 
his cognomen from a governor.)
Sherk: Galatia, governors 25 BC to AD 114 (1980) p.1039 (still no evidence that M. Ostorius Scapula was governor of Galatia). 
Stein: Präfekten von Ägypten (1950) p.21 (Q. Ostorius Scapula, later known to be P. Ostorius Scapula, praef Aegypt betewwn 3 and 11 AD)
Syme, Ronald: "The Ummidii", in  Historia 17, vol.168, p.79 (also Roman Papers vol.2, p.666) discusses the hypothesis of Sallustia Calvina as wife of P. Ostorius Scapula.
praef Aegypti or his son the later governor of Britannia.
Szramkiewicz: Gouverneurs Vol.2  (1972) p.481 (Q. Ostorius Scapula, PP 2 BC; mistakenly identifies him as the praef Aegypti)
Tortotiello: Fasti Consolari di Claudio (2004) p.533-535 (§45 P. Ostorius Scapula, cos suff 41/45, leg Brit 47), p.535-536 (§46 Q. Ostorius Scapula, cos suff 41 or 44?)
Wachtel, K.: "Ostorii Scapulae", in Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, vol. XLI (1989), p.p.241-246. His conclusion is that there is no room for
a consul pair Q. Ostorius Scapula / Caelius Rufus (Selius Rufus) under Tiberius. C. Selius Rufus must be an error for P. Suillius Rufus and the pair were
coss suffecti in early period of Claudius. He suggest that O164 and O166 were brothers, sons of the praef Aegypti Publius. He prefers Sallustia Calvina
to be the daughter of C. Sallustius Crispus, the great eques of Augustus.
Changes 23.05.2018 New header, reference list plus many updates
from Amiternum
O167 RE5 Dem94 O165 cf RE5 Dem119 LP37-8
Q. Ostorius Scapula       P. Ostorius Scapula  
praef praet 2BC-(c.4 AD) praef Aegyp 3AD-10/11AD
one of first two PPs
? ~ Sallustia Calvina
dt of C. Sallustius Crispus, eques Romanus, † 20 AD
? ?
O166 RE3 ? O164 RE4 LP14-2 AE1980-907
Q. Ostorius Scapula       P. Ostorius Scapula   Q. Ostorius Scapula
cos suff c.41 cos suff before 47 cos suff (17 AD?)
with P. Suillius Rufus leg Aug pro pr Brit 47-52 † 52 with C. Selius (or Silius) Rufus
triumphalia ornamenta 51 but Wachtel dismisses him as independent person
?? ~ Sallustia Calvina and sets him identical to O166
dt of C. Sallustius Crispus Passienus
? cos 27 44
O162 RE3 O161 RE2 Dem587
M.Ostorius P.f. Scapula  Ostorius Sabinus
corona civica in Brit c.48 eques Romanus
(probably as tr laticlav, possibly legatus) prosecutor of Q. Marcius Barea Soranus 66
cos suff 59  leg Aug pro pr Galatia ?? received quaestoria insignia as reward
† 66 suicide
O163 LP26-103
M. (Ostorius) Scapula
cos suff 99 (not 98 or 97)
procos Asia 114/115 (or less likely 115/116)
AE2003-1547 AE2005-1726 AE2007-1776 
C. Ostorius Tranquillianus
eques from Roma
praef alae in Mauritania Tingitana 153
O159 RE1
leg Aug pro pr Cilicia 
sub Alexander Severus (222-235)
O160 RE1a PLRE Euhodianus
Ostorius Euhodianus
cos desig 3rd century
O168 RE6 PLRE helido
Ostoria Chelidon
clar fem, late 3rd century
~ Vibius Iolaus
a memoria (thus eques)